Huelva is the capital of the province and is situated on the triangle of sand formed by the confluence of the river Tinto and river Odiel, on the shore of the estuary of the same name, in a zone of great natural interest given that in the surrounding areas are of enormous ecological significance due to their fauna and botanical diversity
The city has always been linked to the events related to the Discovery and conquest of America. Today it is still the town in Andalusia with the greatest Latin-American vocation as the annual holding of the Latin-American Film Festival and all manner of acts related to that continent proves. Nearby is the Rabida Monastery and port of Palos from where Christopher Columbus departed.
The city preserves many architectonic and urban characteristics which bear witness to its history and the evolution of what, according to some studies, was the cradle of the mythical Tartessos: the Cathedral, the church of the Concepción, St Peter’s church, the Angustias Convent, the Sanctuary of Ntra. Sra. de la Cinta, the Monument to Columbus, the Grand Theatre and the Reina Victoria district, an example of English architecture built due to the working of the mines in the province by companies from that country. The mineral loading platform is also left over from this mining activity and is an interesting work of engineering.
Huelva may lack the region’s star attractions of other provincial capitals, but once you get past the industrial sprawl on its outskirts, the centre is a pleasant place with many pretty plazas, absorbing historical monuments and, as you’d expect from a city with a bustling port, a wealth of seafood bars and restaurants.
The mineral wealth of the area north of Huelva brought Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans who, along with the later arrivals of the Moors, left their archaeological mark on the city. Visit the Museo de Huelva to see evidence of their stay in Huelva. Exploitation of copper deposits much later by British interests made Huelva into something of a boom town. Many grand buildings were erected in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, like the Casa Colón, the imposing Gran Teatro and the Clínica Sanz de Frutos.
Located on the mouth of the Odiel and Tinto estuary, Huelva has been an important port since the Phoenicians established it as a major trading post. It reached its zenith in the 15th century, however, with the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus, who recruited local sailors for his voyage and, on his departure and return, prayed to the city’s patron saint at the Sanctuario de Nuestra Señora la Virgen de la Cinta. Today he is commemorated in the Monumento a Colón.
Another pivotal point in the port’s history was the industrial development in the city in the late 19th century due to mining activity to the north. Foreign mining companies built impressive ironwork loading quays that extended into the estuary that, although decaying, still exist today. The grand neo-Moorish train station, the Estación de Sevilla, was also erected around this time.
Badly damaged in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, Huelva lacks the architectural splendour of Seville. It does possess, however, several notable churches, like the oldest one in the city, the Iglesia de San Pedro, and the Catedral de la Merced, with a magnificent Baroque façade.
The hub of the city centre today is the palm-lined square, the Plaza de las Monjas, close to the pedestrian zed shopping district, along the streets of Concepción to Berdigón. The centre is relatively compact so you can see the sights without having to hop on a bus, although you may want to for the Santuario de la Cinta, located 3km out of town.
The main economic activities of the city are those related to the Chemical Industry and Fisheries. Account Huelva with a major fishing port, a large fleet and secular tradition of seafaring.
Send all fish and seafood markets Spaniards enjoyed a special predilection. The port of Huelva is very prominent in the “path of seafood.”
Through the V Centennial Highway, A-49, Huelva capital is directly connected to the capital of the autonomous region, Seville.
The tourism sites in the province of Huelva have been placed at very short distance from the airport of Faro. The capital of the Algarve is only 50 kilometres from the provincial boundary of Huelva, the village of Ayamonte.
In turn is autonomous airport in the capital, Seville to 94 km. It has experienced greater agility in the communication between these two tourist areas, so Huelva and is preparing for the technological challenges of the information society to strong lines west coast.
The city has a modern and equipped bus station from where they divide all the lines Huelva communicate with the rest of municipalities in the province, as well as with the rest of Andalusia, Spain and Portugal.
With regard to the rail network, the path Huelva-Sevilla consists of three daily trains and PDIA expected improvements in the current line to enhance the network of regional trains Huelva-Zafra and Huelva-Ayamonte as the axis of all the articulator west coast of the province Huelva.
San Sebastian, January 19 and 20th. Huelva protector festival
Carnaval Colombino, February 2nd to 6th
Corpus Christi, May
Cruces de Mayo, May 15 to 31st. Virgen de la Cinta tribute and different festive acts
Procesión de las cruces de Mayo, June 1st
Fiestas de Santa Gema, June
Fiestas del Carmen, July 11 to 16th
Fiestas Colombinas, first week of August, and main fair in Huelva capital.
Traslado de la Virgen de la Cinta, August 17th. Mise at La Cinta sanctuary and procession until la Concepción church
Fiestas de la virgen de la Cinta, September 5 to 8th, Festivals in honour of Huelva patroness